In India, like most developing countries, there exists a system of “private tuition”, which runs parallel and ahead of the formal system of education to supplement academic support and to overcome school inadequacies. There is very little amount of research done in the field of education and especially supplemental education that students receive- (a lot of it behind horrendous. paywalls 😠 [another one - how is this even legal?]). If you are more interested in the raw numbers of future economic, financial, societal harm you can find sources, used for this article, linked below.
Please Stop Destroying Students
It is no doubt that tuition classes have been there since long, but recently this has grown exponentially and not only for higher secondary but even for primary and lower standards. Tuition classes are heavily saturated with high school students - wanting to get better grades in board examinations and to “prepare” for competitive examinations. In India >55% of all higher secondary students go to either school tuition or coaching classes.
Tuitions grow in strength when an underperforming student goes and improves, Then slowly others go to improve their skills and then ultimately even best guy has to go. And now this a complete cycle.
The extent of private tutoring is significantly higher in Grade X compared in Grade IX. The average percentage of students seeking private tuition is 58.8% as against 32% in Grade IX. Since the results of public examination in Grade X determines admission into higher secondary as well as choice of subjects and streams, a higher percentage of students in Grade X obviously prefer to go for private tutoring compared to Grade IX.
It is hence undeniable that private tuition has become extremely common and those who can afford it attend tuition classes. It is also not the fault of the parents and students, most of them feel that the school teachers are not that good or school is not teaching properly, and hence, enroll in classes which either teach better or where school teachers privately teach the kids.
Exams like JEE / NEET / UPSC were formed to check intelligence of students and their ability to think in a different way, but the greedy people started coaching institutes where all the different types of manipulations/tricks are taught. Instead of testing general intelligence and on-the-spot thinking abilities, now who can rote more things and faster gets a big preference. Not only does this discourage other students but the student who is also part of this system feels burdened and does not enjoy what they are learning as most things once explained are expected to be “memorized” varna IIT nahi ho payegi
I am too part of this system, and frankly speaking enjoy learning extra new things which involves more thinking and I appreciate the thinking behind a question, but it is not the case in general. Students are bombarded with questions, (with curriculum that doesn’t make sense even in the professional world) and with solving same type of question with different values, you are expected to memorize the way you found that answer. Is this exploration based learning! NO - Students are speedrunning these questions with their skills on how much can be memorized.
Also, just remember its not just secondary school students but even a kid who is in grade 1 - a fact hard to believe, but true. What about his childhood? solving 50 extra questions everyday!?
The Big Problem
The biggest problem I am observing with the rise of tuition classes is the loss of respect for teachers. For almost everyone, school is supposed to be our second house where parents enroll you at young age to learn how to socialize, respect others, communicate, other basic skills and manners. But with the rise of tuitions, the respect for school teachers is reducing and is almost non-existent as all believe - we will do this in “classes”. I personally am extremely offended by this statement and the disrespect shown to school teachers. How will these students, who can’t respect their teacher, be able to respect other human beings and their elderly, chances are NONE!
Not only do they not respect the teachers, but the attitude of learning is also GONE. From talking in class to eating when sir is teaching, students think all is fine as they will cover the subject in tuitions.
Also, at the end of the day most people in rat race don’t get selected and the IIT aspirants who do, go into chemical? After having studied alone for 2-4 years in “dummy schooling” (aka not going to school and getting attendance, etc.) they can’t even communicate properly and are burnt-out and face issues in super competitive global landscape.
Another problem is that these tuition classes are attracting highly skilled, really caring teachers who teach at school or could potentially educate with high pays or even simply— less bureaucratic and spoilt management. When super experienced and awesome teachers, who could really inculcate students' values, join tuition classes - it hurts me. It also creates a disparity. As now, to learn with good teachers you need to spend more $$ and need to get enrolled into another tuition class.
Education then accounts for ~20% of an average middle-class household spending.
It is also not the case that only India is in the loop, in USA for example, there are multiple classes for helping in getting good scores in the SAT. Although, its not that strictly enforced upon the students as there is more openness in society for risk-takers.
People say that we need to fix this, we need to grade based on innovation or extra curricular activities and sports, etc. But the ironic thing is, if that were to happen, these institutes will rush out to expand in ““teaching”” innovation and building a startup!!!?.
What we need is change in mentality, the rat race needs to halt, the disparity to settle and education to be democratized. E-learning platforms like Byjus, Unacademy are growing fast and they are really good at teaching interactively and with really good teachers, but they are super expensive, and some just open scams are not helping the situation. The outdated curriculum is not helping, only with introduction of specialized career courses like those from Google or Amazon can help the situation.
Hopefully capitalists don’t start charging for those too!
15-16 is the age the student can explore his hobby, engross in learning what they like, build up some social skills or whatever; but instead they are removed from school, put into coaching classes where they fill up 200 books when they are not even sure of what to do in life.
The ultimate solution is changing the mentality at the grass-root level, and not just for one child but everyone. Probably by forcing ban on extra classes?? Establishment of modern _gurukuls _ can help too.
School is about the learning attitude and values, not a mere alternative of tutions which are centers of studying.
The education in schools needs to be more about learning the “Learning attitude”
Another article focusing on JEE race coming soon.
For more info on coaching classes (http://niepa.ac.in/New/download/Publications/JEPA_(15 years)/JEPA 2017_Vol-31 (1-4)/JEPA_APR-2017_2.pdf#page=38)